Gradually, the butterfly spread its wings, turned into a handsome man.
– Today we all took care of the plants together: washed, sprayed, watered, loosened the soil. Take a look at our beautiful, clean plants. They are grateful to you for taking care of them.
– And now listen to the rules for children, they probably not everyone has heard and not everyone knows. So listen carefully and remember.
– Flowers are sad when they are few, so you need to plant new ones.
– Flowers want to drink – wipe the leaves.
There is a saying among the people: "Do the work – walk boldly!"
If we worked so hard, we can start a round dance.
Children perform a round dance of flowers.
The condition of the child is very important when he observes changes in the plant. Do not wave away from the child when she is delighted to pull you to her. Postpone your most urgent matters for five minutes, look at the first bud or newborn sprout, rejoice together: this is a more important upbringing than a dozen conversations at all.
We should read poems and stories about nature to children more often, and then draw the children’s attention to how accurately, figuratively, everything around us is described in the work.
Reading fairy tales, explain that in narrative paper topics many of them plants, animals and other natural objects are endowed with human qualities: this is because the people have always had an inner sense of unity with the world around them.
We have a long good tradition of planting a tree on the occasion of important family events. It is a pity that now this wonderful custom is somewhat forgotten. Shouldn’t it be revived? After all, it will also greatly contribute to the formation of respect and love for nature.
In the process of acquainting children with nature, the use of methods that provide visual perception is quite widespread. This is provided by visual perception. This is due to the nature of children’s cognitive activity: the main form of thinking of preschoolers is visual. But in the process of cognition the sensory and the rational interact closely. Therefore, the use of verbal methods is important. Among them – the use of fiction of a natural nature, conversation, story of the educator.
At one time, a prominent German teacher, the founder of kindergartens F. Froebel said: "A good master of storytelling – an invaluable treasure for students." Prominent teachers KD Ushinsky and VO Sukhomlinsky believed that mastering the art of storytelling should be an essential professional skill of every educator.
What is the value of a story that introduces preschoolers to nature, aimed at environmental education?
First of all – efficiency! With knowledge of various phenomena, objects of nature, the educator can satisfy children’s curiosity and, accordingly, form the attitude of their wards to the objects of nature.
Secondly, the value of the story is that the educator uses it in the most optimal pedagogical situations, when the children themselves are interested in a particular object of nature. And this is extremely important in terms of humanizing the learning process.
Third, the positive side of the story is that it is most often resorted to in the visual perception of the object of nature or its image in the picture. This provides a close relationship between clarity and word.
And, finally, another advantage: the educator can always build a story based on the age of children, their general development, tracking how they perceive certain phenomena in nature.
The story of the educator, who is an authority for children, sinks deep into their memory, soul. Therefore, the story of nature must meet the probable many requirements:
it must form a credible knowledge of the world around it; to reveal connections and dependencies in nature in a form accessible to children’s perception; and what is very important – this story should be figurative, emotional, interesting. Only then will it form in children a reasonable, good attitude to nature.
There are plot and descriptive stories, and with greater interest the preschooler perceives the story of the educator, during which he forms in children the knowledge and attitude to the living world.
After the weekend, when the children get new impressions, the educator encourages them to tell about what impressed them the most. The educator himself should also start the story with some interesting incident that happened to him during the walk.
Yes, I told the children following: “On Sunday I went to the lake with my friends to swim. I’m lying on the shore and suddenly I see an insect crawling on my purse. I looked closely – the larva of a butterfly. Apparently, it’s time for her to become an adult, and my handbag warmed up in the sun and attracted an insect. I decided not to scare the larva. I watch what will happen next. At first she noticed how the skin on her back cracked and through the crack the butterfly began to gradually crawl. Apparently, it was difficult for him to do so. So sometimes she rested. Gradually, the butterfly spread its wings, turned into a handsome man.
My friends and I had been on the lake all day, and watching him we noticed that only in the evening, when the butterfly’s wings spread and hardened, did it take off for its first flight. I followed him with my eyes: let him decorate our nature, catch midges and flies. "
Active celebration with nature gives birth to and strengthens the preschooler’s invaluable quality – kindness. And, as V. Sukhomlinsky noted, “it is necessary to develop in a child a caring and caring attitude to helpless creatures, which are so easy to offend, but by protecting which you feel good and strong. Therefore, it is necessary to teach your pets not in words, but in fact to love some small living creature, to teach them to take care of it. "And this can be done through a corner of wildlife, where children take care of animals, birds and plants.
I offer a moment of employment with children of the senior group on a subject "Acquaintance with an insect".
Topic: Acquaintance with insects in the spring (senior group).
Objective: To expand children’s knowledge about the signs of spring and changes that have occurred in animate and inanimate nature (in the lives of animals, insects, birds). Learn to notice these changes in nature, to protect beneficial insects. Develop observation. love and care for nature.
Collection "My native land". O. Kopylenko "Woke up" Art. 70 V. Sukhomlinsky "Violet and Bee". Pictures-illustrations: ladybug, bees, ants.
Course of employment:
Children sit on the mat freely, effortlessly, the educator sits among them. The child reads the poem "Beetle" by M. Demidov.
The beetle flies zhu-zhu-zhu! I will wake everyone up today. Wake up from sleep Let’s meet spring! And the grass whispers "Shu-u-u" I’m in a hurry to grow, shu-shu "
– Guess, kids, what we are talking about?
– Yes, about spring, about insects.
– Have you ever been to a park, a forest, or a garden in the spring?
– What changes have taken place now? What was the weather like, sky? How does the sun heat up? Which trees are most noticeable changes? (In willow – cats, in birch – earrings).
– Children, let’s imagine that we are walking on a path in the woods. The spring sun warmed up, the snow melted, the buds on the trees swelled, the air was fresh and warm.
(Tchaikovsky’s "Seasons" music, or the voices of birds in nature.)
Reading a poem by Ivan Franko "Spring".
Spring has come beautiful, Multicolored, warm, clear, Like a girl in a wreath. Meadows, oak groves came to life, full of noise, conversations and songs in the bush.
– Isn’t it beautiful in the forest? Oh, here spring has left a letter for us! Suddenly "w-w-w". Who is this, children?
She flies all day, And collects nectar from flowers. Will be in the city and in the village Sweet honey on the table. (Bee).
The bee is very hardworking. All day she flies from flower to flower, collecting nectar from flowers. Carries it to the hive, there is a lot of nectar collected, from it a wonderful, healing, sweet honey is formed. Have you tasted honey? Have you children seen beehives? (Picture display). People build beehives for bees. Where there are many hives, it is called an apiary. Bees are useful insects, they protect them. When a person is very industrious, he is said to be industrious like a bee.
And there is a sign of spring: "If the bees fly out early, the spring will be warm." "Bees are happy with flowers, and people are happy with bees."
And here, kids, there is something else for us. Reading V. Sukhomlinsky’s story "Violet and Bee":
Bee and violet became friends. The violet in the field looked at the world with its joyful purple eye. And the bee lived in the hive. Many times a day a bee flew to the violet – took pollen and nectar. The violet was glad to the girlfriend.
But a bee arrived, looked, and the violet closed its flower, bowed its head eagerly.
– Why did you, Fialko, get upset, why did you close your flower? The bee asks.
– Oh, fly, bee, home, because the weather is approaching. There will be heavy rain.
The bee flew home. And it really rained. So violets close their petals in the rain and thus announce the weather. "
Reading the poem "Chamomile" by M. Poznanska.
On a slender high leg Near the river on a meadow In a snow-white square I ate such a flower. With a clear yellowish eye she smiled at me. I wanted to break it, And the bee said: – No!
– Children, why didn’t the bee let the chamomile break?
There is something else in the letter for us. (In the envelope illustration of a ladybug). What is the name of this beetle? Who wants to talk about it? What color is it?
This beetle is small and very beautiful. Lives in parks, gardens, forests, orchards. Wherever there is an aphid pest. Such a small insect, and brings so many benefits, saving gardens and flowers from harmful aphids. Although it is brightly colored, but birds do not eat the ladybug. Do you know why? Because this beetle, when a bird opens its beak to grab it, releases a stinking liquid into the bird’s mouth.
For a long time, an inexperienced bird will remember that the sun beetle is not only not edible to them, but can also be poisonous. But for people this beetle is always pleasant and useful. It winters under tree roots, fallen leaves, and wakes up in early spring to help people free gardens, orchards from small pests, aphids. The ladybug can be found everywhere: in the field, in the woods, in the meadow. He often flies into the room through the window.
What a riddle spring has asked again:
– "Once the children went on a tour of the park. There spring flowers bloomed: mother-and-stepmother, snowdrops. The buds of the trees swelled. Suddenly, among the grass, Mikhas saw a bright red beetle. How beautiful, Mikhas thought . He caught the beetle and hid it in his pocket. He just wanted to get out of the park, and a bush of lilacs touched him and said something. Mikhailik released a beetle. "
– What did the bush say to Mikhail?
– Why did he release the beetle?
Another picture of an anthill is taken out of the envelope.